Canada is located in the northernmost part of North America. Canada's southern territories run along the northern border of the continental United States.
Canada's only land borders are with the United States, at two separate points. Canada borders the United States along its southern border, as well as its western border, where it borders the US state of Alaska. Canada also borders the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Canada is one of the largest countries in the world, second only to Russia in territorial size.
It has a total area of 9.9 million square kilometers (3.8 million square miles). This includes about 891,163 square kilometers (344,080 square miles) of water. The country touches 3 oceans –the Atlantic, the Arctic, and the Pacific –and its coastline measures 202,080 kilometers (125,570 miles) long, making it the longest coastline in the world. Canada's border with the United States is 8,893 kilometers in length and includes a 2,477-kilometer border with Alaska, making it the longest land border in the world. Toronto is the largest city in Canada with a population of about 2.6 million. Other major cities include Montreal, Vancouver, and Ottawa.
The country of Canada is in the North America continent and the latitude and longitude for the country are 56.7577° N, 86.4196° W.
In Canada, there are four seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. The weather varies widely depending on where students are.
Summer: June to August
Canada's summer season sees the snow melt, days grow longer and temperatures increase, especially in the mid-west and central provinces. Temperatures ranging between 5 and 27 degrees Celsius across the country. Summer is a great time to hike and camp in the Canadian Rockies and go mountain biking in the resort areas.
Autumn: September to November
Autumn, known as fall, is a great time to visit Canada as most outdoor activities can still be enjoyed so bring hiking boots and a day backpack. Temperatures decrease in autumn to around -3 to 14 degrees Celsius, but the climate is still comfortable.
Winter: December to February
Canada transforms into a snow-covered wonderland in winter. The temperatures plummet to -20 degrees Celsius. The highest temperatures in the winter are often only 5 degrees Celsius.
Spring: March to May
Spring arrives in patches across Canada and temperatures gradually rise from 1 degree Celsius to a high of 17 degrees. The landscape begins to turn green as snow melts and provides the perfect conditions for flowers to grow in abundance. Locals throw off their jackets and may even be seen in t-shirts.
Canada is a large place, and getting around the country may seem like a challenge, especially for international students. Whether living on or off campus, in a city or suburb, he/she is going to need to be able to get around easily and efficiently. Depending on where student attend school, these are the variety of options that student can consider:
4. Trains and Subways
1. Academic excellence (26 of Canada's universities rank in the QS World University Rankings 2019 and 27 of them in the THE World University Rankings 2019).
2. Benefit from a recognized World-Class Education (A degree from a Canadian university is recognized worldwide and as a result, international students who graduate from Canadian universities enjoy successful and prosperous careers.)
3. Enjoy an Excellent Quality of Life (According to QS World University Rankings, three Canadian cities, Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver, made the list of the top 50 student cities. The ranking was based on several criteria, including affordability, the diversity of the student population, and employers’ perception of graduates on the job market.)
4. Affordable Education and Living (Canada offers not only quality education, but education which is affordable for international students. Compared to countries like the UK, USA and Australia, cost of education in Canada is quite moderate).
5. Multicultural Environment (Canada has a multicultural environment with people of all religions, races and cultures which give students an opportunity to interact and broaden their perspective).
6. Safe Country (Canada is one of the safest places to study with very low crime rates and cases of racial discrimination. Statistics by Numbeo reveal that Canada's safety index (62.42) is much higher than the safety indices of other popular study abroad destinations such as US (49.99), UK (57.9) and Australia (57.94)).
7. Opportunity for Co-Op Program which allows international students to earn money during the school semester and to enhance their resume with work experience and invaluable business contacts.
1. Acadia University
Like anywhere in the world, living costs in urban centers are more than those in the suburbs. Many students prefer on-campus housing much more, which may not be the lowest-cost option always, but is definitely more convenient. Toronto and Vancouver are the most expensive cities to live at and with the shortage of affordable housing in Toronto, costs are the highest there and still continue to rise.
AVERAGE COST OF LIVING ($15,000 – 18,000 per year)
Many housing options to choose from in Canada, and an equally diverse price range.
The main housing options for students in Canada are: Student residences: 450 – 825 CAD/month; University-arranged homestays: 600 – 1,000 CAD/month; Rent & share an apartment: 500 – 900 CAD/month, prices for rent depend on location and facilities. If students choose to rent a studio/one-room apartment, they can pay over 1,200 CAD/month.
Some of the utilities costs might be included in the rental price. If it’s not, then basic utilities (electricity, water, heating, garbage): 150 CAD/month, internet: 50-70 CAD/month
The total price of a transport pass is 90 CAD/month, while a one-way ticket is worth 3 CAD. Taxis are also a common way of transport all over Canada and fares are between 2 and 6 CAD/ km.
Around 300 CAD/month for shopping from the local supermarkets and groceries. Some of the cheapest supermarkets students can find all over Canada are Canadian Superstore, Walmart, No Frills. If students wish to eat in a restaurant, they will have to pay around 10 - 25 CAD. A three-course meal for two in a mid-range restaurant will cost 50 - 65 CAD.